Ukraine, the military update: the map of the Russian invasion and the troops at the gates of Kiev

Of Andrea Marinelli and Guido Olimpio

There is fighting throughout Ukraine, especially in Mariupol and Kharkiv, and much of the territory under Russian control: Putin’s troops are a few kilometers from the center of the capital. The Russian victims would be 450; those from Ukraine 194, including 57 civilians

It is fought all over Ukraine, in particular in Kharkiv and Mariupol, where an amphibious attack was launched. Much of the territory under Russian control, with Putin’s troops arriving 10 kilometers from Kiev advancing from the northwest, in the area of ​​Ivankiv, from the northeast – Chernihiv was surrounded – and, according to some reports, also blocking the road axis leading to the west. President Volodymyr Zelensky sent military vehicles to the capital, which entered – as the mayor-boxer Vitalij Klitchko said – in defensive mode: the Ministry of Defense and the Interior have asked all Ukrainians to provide information on the Russian advance and to fight, including by taking up arms or preparing Molotov cocktails. The Ministry of the Interior has published a leaflet on its website with instructions for making explosive cocktails and has provided around 18,000 weapons to volunteers: on the streets of Kiev now you meet people in jeans, or dressed for racing, with rifles over the shoulder, says the Bbc.

Russian missiles have also been raining down on the capital since dawn, with citizens seeking shelter in underground subway stops. Clashes reported in the suburb of Obolov. The Russians reportedly consolidated control of Hostomel’s Antonov airport, a cargo port to the north west, where airborne troops were helicopter disembarked on Thursday. In this regard, some reconstructions claim that the commandos would have suffered heavy losses as the operation had not been well planned.

The Ukrainian army, in turn, claims to have blown up a bridge over the Teteriv River, near Ivankiv, to slow down the Russian advance which has not been smoothly and has hit an air base in Rostov Oblast with ground-to-ground missilesin southern Russia.

From his hiding place, President Zelensky claimed that the first day of fighting claimed the lives of 137 Ukrainians, while another 316 were wounded, and that the Russians are targeting civilian areas. According to the Kiev Ministry of Defense, the Ukrainian resistance killed 1,000 Russian soldiers. The same sources have given a detail on the invaders: at the moment the Russians have employed 60 of the 90 mobilized tactical battalions, which would mean several tens of thousands of men.

Moscow claimed instead that it had eliminated 200 Ukrainian soldiers in the battle fought around the Antonov airport and 13 sailors stationed on the island of the Snakes, 300 kilometers from Crimea. However, it must be done beware of propaganda and fog of warthe one that in conflicts prevents us from seeing the situation clearly.

In this war, however, the concept reversed: too much information arrives, but not all of it is reliable and verifiable. For London, for example, the Russian victims would be 800, the Ukrainian ones 194, including 57 civilians. Among the 200 missiles launched by the Russians in the first 24 hours, according to the American administration, some hit civilian residential areas.

Precisely because of this war we see everything, moreover, Russian troops would advance cautiously. Experts wonder if they will be able to use maximum firepower especially if they enter inhabited centers and also for this may encounter difficulties: a dead person in Kiev is much more visible than one in Grozny or Aleppo.

An analyst, reporting Pentagon assessments, then added that Moscow does not seem to have succeeded at least until yesterday afternoon in imposing air superiority. Perhaps, for a while, they have lost the moment as evidenced by the failure to conquer large centers. However, everything could change.

On the first day, the fights were arrived in Chernobyl causing fear for the safety of the plant and, above all, of the sarcophagus that contains the radioactive waste. The Russians announced that they have taken control of the area, where on Thursday thereand radiation increased twentyfold, but not to a dangerous level.

Around the reactor there is usually a dose of 3 microsieverts per hour: yesterday increased to 65, he explained to the Bbc Claire Corkhill, Sheffield University professor and nuclear material expert. five times more than what you get on a transatlantic flight, she added, explaining that probably it depends on the movement of men and vehicles in the exclusion area of ​​4 thousand square kilometers, which may have lifted radioactive dust from the ground. More worrying, according to Professor Corkhill, are the fighting near functioning nuclear reactors, which are not found in isolated areas like Chernobyl.

When the Russian troops arrived at the gates of Kiev, Vladimir Putin announced that he was ready to negotiate, albeit under very harsh conditions: the Kremlin calls for a demilitarization of the countryor a surrender of Ukraine, and appealed to the military in Kiev, calling on them to overthrow the government.

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